According to FBI officials Chinese spying threatens “not just the future of the United States, but the future of the world,”
E.W. Priestap is the assistant director of the FBI’s Counterintelligence Division addressed the Senate Judiciary Committee by stating:
“We are being exploited by China, so we are right to shore up our defenses against this,” “Our efforts must inspire other nations to preserve similar systems. We must persuade them to choose freedom, reciprocity, and the rule of law. What hangs in the balance is not just the future of the United States, but the future of the world.”
He warned that these Chinese Communist regime utilises a wide array of unconventional intelligence assets to pilfer American secrets from the government and the private sector. He urged the Senate to understand and prepare for “a hypercompetitive world” because China could use economic theft to cement their status as a major international power.
“Make no mistake: The Chinese government is proposing itself as an alternative model for the world, one without a democratic system of government, and it is seeking to undermine the free and open rules-based order we helped establish following World War II,” he said.
“Our businesses and our government must adapt in order to compete and thrive in this world.”
Priestap kept stating inferences of the Cold War with the Soviet Union repeatedly as a model for the U.S.-China rivalry, “The Chinese government understands a core lesson of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union: Economic strength is the foundation of national power,” he said.
“The competition between the United States and China will be greatly influenced, if not ultimately decided, on the strength of our economies.”
A CIA official made similar statements in July earlier this year “At the end of the day, the Chinese fundamentally seek to replace the United States as the leading power in the world,” Michael Collins, the CIA’s deputy assistant director for the East Asia Mission Center, said during the Aspen Security Forum. “What they’re waging against us is fundamentally a cold war.”
Priestap also affirmed FBI Director Chris Wray’s view that Chinese espionage represents a whole-of-society threat, though he stipulated that not every Chinese national is a spy.
“Not meaning every person in the society is posing the threat but people from all walks of life — you can’t effectively combat that threat with ad hoc responses,” he said. “We need more people in government, more people in business, more people in academia pulling in the same direction to combat this threat effectively.”
That said, the Chinese spy services regard expatriate students and workers in the United States as potential assets. “[The intelligence officials] think of them as — just simply an extension of their power, of their nation,” Priestap said. “Based on FBI interaction with some of those individuals, it really is a case-by-case basis. Some I think are not knowledgeable in the least and are completely unwitting of doing anything in furtherance of their government aims. And, others either through direct or other softly applied pressure understand that they have obligations to meet.”
Priestap suggested that the U.S. government coordinate with academic institutions and major companies, in addition to outreach to incoming Chinese nationals, to mitigate the risk of potential espionage.
“However, we must also make certain that, as we address the loopholes and vulnerabilities within our system, we do not simultaneously undermine the open, free, and fair principles that have made it thrive,” he testified.