The United States has accused Iran of being a state sponsor of terrorism but has not included the Iranian Revolutionary Guards as a terrorist group.
Because of concern that the move could lead to an attack on US forces in the region. It would also be unprecedented to consider a country’s military as a terrorist group.
However, the United States keeps sanctions against Iran and the Iranian Revolutionary Guards for their support of terrorism, mainly because of their military support for Hezbollah and Hamas.
What is IRGC?
The IRGC is an elite Iranian military force with a responsibility to protect the regime from internal and external threats.
In addition to containing 125,000 men, he controls the paramilitary Basij militia, which has about 90,000 active members and runs the Jerusalem Special Operations Corps abroad.
The IRG founded at the end of the 1979 Islamic Revolution as an armed elite militia whose role was to protect the then-embryonic Shi’a religious system. It also made up an important weight for the traditional Iranian army, many of whose leaders believed to be loyal to the exiled Shah.
The IRGC initially served as a local force but expanded rapidly after the late Iraqi President Saddam Hussein invaded Iran in 1980 when Khomeini granted the Guard its own ground, naval and air forces.
Iranian Revolutionary Guards:
State within the state
Some analysts argue that the IRGC has since become a state within the state, a clear indication of what commonly referred to as the “deep state” in other countries.
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What is the role of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards?
The role of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards enshrined in the Constitution. Where it subordinated only to Iran’s Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, giving him a vast array of
- religious powers
Nuclear deal experiments:
The IRGC oversees Iran’s ballistic missile program and has conducted numerous experiments since the nuclear deal. His rockets could reach Israel. In March 2016, he fired a ballistic missile that read “Israel must be wiped out”.
The IRGC base reaches the deepest corners of the Iranian state, a network that manages military and intelligence complexes.
Iranian reformist President Hassan Rouhani had a rise-and-fall relationship with the Revolutionary Guards. He sought to limit the influence of the Guard on the economy as part of economic reforms.
A large share of the Iranian economy
Both in legal and illegal entities, and its leaders own real estate in Tehran. He often accused of involvement in lucrative cross-border smuggling.
His intelligence network was behind the arrest and conviction of dual nationals and others with ties to Western countries on espionage charges.