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United States and Iran – decades of enmity (1)

United States and Iran
United States and Iran tensions after Soleimani killing

The United States and Iran – decades of enmity, after the killing of General Qassem Soleimani, commander of the Iranian Quds Force, in an operation by the American forces, which led to a new tension in the relations of the two countries. Which burdened by conflicts, confrontations and failed convergence attempts. So, below is a chronology of chapters on relations printed by hostility.

United States and Iran – decades of enmity

On August 19, 1953:-

Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh deposed by agreement between

  • The United States of America
  • The United Kingdom

In order to prevent the nationalization of oil in the country, and with the years the West supported the absolute rule of Shah Reza Pahlavi.

1957-1967 Nuclear Cooperation Contract:

In 1957

In 1967

  • The United States provided Iran with a nuclear reactor in addition to 93% enriched uranium fuel.
  • As well as, a grade of enrichment that would be used for making bombs.

On January 16, 1979:-

  • The Shah forced to leave Iran after the Islamic revolution by the Shiite leader Ayatollah Khomeini.
  • As well as, in November of the same year, Iranian students stormed the US embassy in Tehran and took 63 embassy staff hostage.

On April 4, 1980:-

The United States cut diplomatic ties with Iran.

In September, the Iraqi army invaded southwestern Iran by the Iraqi army by order of President Saddam Hussein and with Western support until 1988.

On January 20, 1981:-

  • The remaining 52 American hostages in Tehran are released. After an American attempt to rescue the hostages failed.
  • In addition, when two American helicopters collided with each other during a landing operation in Lot desert, 8 soldiers killed in the accident.

On January 19, 1984:-

Washington ranks Iran as “state sponsors of terrorism.”

In November 1986:-

The “Iran Contra” scandal

  • In which US weapons were illegally sold to Iran, was revealed, and the funds generated were used to finance armed groups.
  • So, they are opposing the Nicaraguan government that bore the name Contra, with the support of President Reagan’s administration.

1987/1988 In conjunction with the Iraq-Iran war:-

The Iranians launched attacks on oil tankers, in the context of clashes between

  1. Iranian forces 
  2. As well as, forces allied with the United States of America

On July 3, 1988:-

  • The US Navy shot down an Iranian passenger plane in the Gulf waters, killing all 290 people on the plane.
  • Eventually, the United States clarified that what happened was “wrong.”

Read Also: Trump: Soleimani killed millions & Iran has not won a war

Read Also: Trump: Iran is responsible for the attack on American embassy in Baghdad

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