The United States and Iran – decades of enmity, after the killing of General Qassem Soleimani, commander of the Iranian Quds Force, in an operation by the American forces, which led to a new tension in the relations of the two countries. Which burdened by conflicts, confrontations and failed convergence attempts. So, below is a chronology of chapters on relations printed by hostility.
United States and Iran – decades of enmity
On August 19, 1953:-
Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh deposed by agreement between
- The United States of America
- The United Kingdom
In order to prevent the nationalization of oil in the country, and with the years the West supported the absolute rule of Shah Reza Pahlavi.
1957-1967 Nuclear Cooperation Contract:
- The United States and Iran signed an agreement to cooperate in nuclear energy for civilian purposes.
- The United States provided Iran with a nuclear reactor in addition to 93% enriched uranium fuel.
- As well as, a grade of enrichment that would be used for making bombs.
On January 16, 1979:-
- The Shah forced to leave Iran after the Islamic revolution by the Shiite leader Ayatollah Khomeini.
- As well as, in November of the same year, Iranian students stormed the US embassy in Tehran and took 63 embassy staff hostage.
On April 4, 1980:-
The United States cut diplomatic ties with Iran.
On January 20, 1981:-
- The remaining 52 American hostages in Tehran are released. After an American attempt to rescue the hostages failed.
- In addition, when two American helicopters collided with each other during a landing operation in Lot desert, 8 soldiers killed in the accident.
On January 19, 1984:-
In November 1986:-
The “Iran Contra” scandal
- In which US weapons were illegally sold to Iran, was revealed, and the funds generated were used to finance armed groups.
- So, they are opposing the Nicaraguan government that bore the name Contra, with the support of President Reagan’s administration.
1987/1988 In conjunction with the Iraq-Iran war:-
The Iranians launched attacks on oil tankers, in the context of clashes between
- Iranian forces
- As well as, forces allied with the United States of America
On July 3, 1988:-
- The US Navy shot down an Iranian passenger plane in the Gulf waters, killing all 290 people on the plane.
- Eventually, the United States clarified that what happened was “wrong.”