As tensions between the Trump administration and Iran escalate, so they notified US partners of the seriousness of threats to the regime’s preferred foreign policy tool, which always represented by terrorist groups and elements .
As the United States and its Gulf Arab allies try to move the region away from the scourge of war. it seems clear that Iran has the intention to use its preferred weapon to destabilize the region. particularly after its Yemen-backed elements, the Houthis, have targeted the two oil pumping lines of Aramco in the past few days.
The origins of the Iranian terror network
After coming to power in 1979, Khomeini, Iran’s supreme leader, began building the regime’s nongovernmental network. Calling what he called the “oppressed peoples” of the world to unite, inciting the region’s Shiites to rise up against the rulers, and then form a network of agents.
Iran strengthened its relations with these groups in the 1990s by providing training, weapons, and money. By 2000, Iran’s network had various forces.
After 9/11 and the subsequent US invasion in various regions, Tehran began to maximize the use of these organizations, enjoying them to undermine US influence in the region and raise the costs of possible actions against Iranian interests.
Expantion of Iran’s network
Today, Iran’s network of nearly 200,000 personnel is the cornerstone of Iran’s national security strategy.
- These groups provide Tehran with access
- Influence throughout the Middle East and South Asia
- An opportunity to keep the pressure on their opponents in different theaters
Loss of control
Because of this extensive network, the United States considers Iran a threat to national security and a destabilizing force in the region
- pursuing malicious activities to instigate instability
- complicate ongoing conflicts
- undermine the interests of the United States and its partners
Iran’s non-state partners are not a homogenous bloc, and the groups that make up the network are not united in their affiliation with Iran. Akbar is with Tehran, and very few of them take their orders directly from the Iranian regime. So, the groups that Iran has co-created are no longer fully under their control.
Terrorist groups leaders position:
The leaders of these entities have made it clear that while they will happily accept
- Iranian financial
- material support
- Tehran’s advice to them is not always welcome
For example, the Houthis;
Who receive funding and weapons from Tehran and training through Hezbollah.
But they have a proven track record of ignoring Iranian recommendations on the best course of action in Yemen.
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