The United States and Iran – decades of enmity
On January 29, 2002:-
- After the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, US President George W. Bush described Iran, Iraq, and North Korea as the axis of evil.
- In September 2002, US government officials suspected that Iraq could develop a nuclear weapon.
- Eventually, In preparation for the invasion of Iraq in March 2003.
In January 2006:-
- Iran resumed uranium enrichment, as part of its nuclear program.
- The Americans expressed concern about Iran’s efforts to develop a nuclear bomb.
- According to media reports, President Bush was studying the option of using a “nuclear weapon” as a war tactic against Iran.
- Finally, in May of the same year, Iran threatened to withdraw from the NPT, which it signed in 1968.
2008/2009 At the end of President George W. Bush’s rule:-
- US Deputy Secretary of State William Burns participated for the first time in talks in Geneva on the Iranian nuclear file.
- In 2009, with President Barack Obama’s arrival at the White House, he announced that he was ready to turn a new page with Iran.
In the period 2009-2012:-
There was no breakthrough in US-Iranian relations, and the major negotiations with Tehran over its nuclear program almost stopped.
They announced that Iran was building a secret uranium enrichment site in Fordow.
- A US law came into effect giving President Obama the power to impose sanctions on foreign banks.
- Including the central banks of the countries allied to the United States, if their purchases of Iranian oil were not curtailed.
- This led to a significant decline in Iranian oil sales and left a huge impact on its economy.
In August 2013 Iranian President Hassan Rouhani:-
- After assuming power, announced that he wanted to lay down specific economic sanctions against Tehran.
- As well as, take steps towards responding to international demands by reducing the nuclear program.
- So, this year saw secret negotiations between US and Iranian officials over the nuclear program.
- Eventually, In September, Obama and Rouhani made the phone call, the highest level of contact between the two countries in three decades.
On July 14, 2015:-
2016 With the arrival of President Donald Trump to the White House:-
- He made it clear, expressing his desire to end the nuclear program agreement with Iran.
- Finally, despite the IAEA’s continued assurances that Iran will adhere to the terms of the treaty.
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