UAE astronaut Hazza Al Mansouri will travel to the International Space Station (ISS) on a Soyuz MS15 spacecraft today, accompanied by Russian astronauts Oleg Scribochka and American Jessica Mir.
Al-Mansouri said in a statement that his dream of access to space began in the fourth grade of primary. When he saw the image of the first Arab astronaut in the book of the Arabic language for the fourth grade, Prince Sultan bin Salman bin Abdelaziz. He recalled that he remembered when he dreamed of seeing himself reaching the same place.
International Space Station
The International Space Station is known as (ISS), a station built in 1998 under international cooperation led by
- United States
- 10 European countries
When did the International Space Station begin to recieve astronauts?
The station began receiving astronauts crews since the beginning of the century, specifically since November 2000. Includes an international crew of six astronauts who spend 35 hours a week in the conduct of deep scientific research in various scientific disciplines of space,
- Earth sciences
The main purpose of the station:
The station is space research and experimental laboratory used to
- Test future space exploration systems and processes.
- Improve the quality of life on Earth by increasing scientific knowledge through extraterrestrial research.
Orbiting the planet
The station is traveling in space at 27,600 kilometers per hour or about 7.66 kilometers per second. So, it can orbit the entire planet every 90 minutes only and can go to the moon and return in less than 24 hours.
The length of the station is about 357.6 feet (109 meters), and 239 feet (72.8 meters) wide, equivalent to the size of a large football stadium, so it provides astronauts a lot of comfortable rooms for periods of eating and sleeping.
The International Space Station is also the most expensive building ever built by humans and costs more than $150 billion.
Eventually, The station uses massive solar cells on either side to generate the electric power needed to operate them. The rotation movement is orbiting the Earth at an angle of 22.5 degrees, so it does not pass from the same place every time orbiting the Earth, and relies on complex calculations to exploit gravity with impulses to maintain On orbit and speed.