Lymphomas or lymphoma, are malignant tumours that grow in parts of the lymphatic system. We can distinguish between two types of lymphoma: Hodgkin’s disease and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. The proposed treatment depends on lymphoma.
Lymphoma: What are they?
Lymphomas are cancers of the lymphatic system, the main component of the body’s immune system. This blood disorder characterized by the malignant proliferation of lymphocytes (lymphocytes and retina) that infiltrate the entire body. About half of the cancers are lymphoma.
It is basically:
Hodgkin’s disease, which affects 20 percent of lymphoma.
• Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, up to 80 percent of cases, which associated with Burkitt’s lymphoma and fungal breakfast.
Malignant lymphoma (Hodgkin’s disease): What?
Lymphoma characterized by atrophy of retinal cells in the affected organs: Sternberg cells. The disease mainly affects adults between the ages of 15 and 60 years.
Signs of the disease
Glandopathy is a hard, painless node, often found in all areas of the body’s nodes. Sometimes cervical or chest nodes may isolate in an adult at a young age.
In all cases, the continued presence of enlarged lymph nodes for over 3 weeks. without an inflammatory characteristic and outside the inflammatory ring will lead to perforation for the study of ganglion cells. The next step is a surgical biopsy.
Potential visceral manifestations:
• Pleurisy, a membrane covering the lungs.
• Inflammation at the level of the respiratory tract and lungs.
• Inflammation of the lining of the stomach.
• Hepatitis (liver fat, jaundice).
• Pain in the spine with compression of the spinal cord and paraplegia.
• Claude-Bernard-Horner syndrome (lesion of sympathetic nerve fibers in the eye) in the case of compression of the cervical sympathetic nerve in its thoracic pathway.
• Laryngeal paralysis in case of recurrence of nerve compression.
• Nerve pain because of compression of the roots of the spinal cord.
This accompanied by general signs: prolonged fever with sweating, and rarely declines or decreases, and general itching.
Additional tests and analyzes
The following is also done:
The degree of spread of the disease allows the identification of the following four clinical stages:
• Stage 1: Injury of only one group of nodes, or two adjacent nodal areas on the same side of the diaphragm.
• Phase II: injury of two adjacent nodal areas, but on the same side of the diaphragm.
• Stage III: injury of the lymph nodes above or below the diaphragm.
Stage IV: Injury of the relevant viscera: liver, heart, lung, gastrointestinal tract, marrow, bone, and nervous system.
At each stage, we can observe the absence or presence of general symptoms, such as fever, sweating and weight loss.
Treatment depends on a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy, according to each case.
It should note that in young patients the doctor suggests preserving sperm and eggs by freezing.