Celiac disease is a chronic autoimmune disease (not an allergy), and it is also called gluten-sensitive bowelopathy – sprouts gut. When a person with Celiac consumes food containing gluten, the immune system responds to this substance by attacking the small intestine, which leads to damage to the bumps that line it over time.
These bumps are responsible for absorbing nutrients from food. And when these bumps are damaged, the nutrients will not be absorbed sufficiently into the body.
Risk factors for developing Celiac disease
The disease can affect everyone, but the chances of infection increase in the following cases:
- A family history of Celiac disease
- Down syndrome, or Turner syndrome.
- Infection with another immune disease, such as type 1 diabetes.
- Environmental factors, such as infection of the child.
- Infection with rotavirus
- Feeding the infant with food containing gluten before reaching the third month of his life.
Other diseases afflicted by Celiac patient
People with Celiac are more likely to develop the following diseases:
- Anaemia due to iron deficiency.
- Thyroid problems.
_ Herpes dermatitis.
- Nervous system disorders.
_ Liver diseases.
Symptoms of celiac disease
Some minor cases may not cause any symptoms, but the diagnosis may prove to be Celiac. Symptoms may appear in some of them after consuming gluten for the first time and may appear in others after consuming gluten more than once.
Symptoms may include:
Diarrhoea, which is the most common symptom.
- Digestive problems, such as nausea, stomach cramps, vomiting, swelling, and constipation.
- The emergence of fat with faeces because it is not absorbed by the body.
- Fatigue and fatigue due to poor absorption of vitamins and nutrients.
Lack of weight for no reason.