According to numerous studies and reports including the WWF’s Living Planet Report and Data World, Qatar ranks second in the world after Luxembourg in terms of per capita resource consumption. This study is conducted to show that if many or every country consumed resources in the same way Earth’s current resources can not sustain that way.
Another Report from the Sustainable Cities Index, Doha, the capital of Qatar was deemed as one of the worst cities in terms of resource efficiency and ecology. The study reported that one of the reasons for over-consumption is because of severe desert climate conditions in the region and leads to excessive energy consumption.
Qatar’s skyline was also brought under scrutiny as there are many skyscrapers that are empty but the State pays to keep the lights running to achieve a beautiful skyline. Qatar’s electricity and Water Authority division controls 62% of the electricity market and 79% of water. Kahramaa is also a private-public player that directly supplies the remaining electricity and water in Qatar to its consumers. Kahramaa’s primary duty is to buy water and electricity and then resell it to the public at discounted prices through the system of government subsidies.
It was reported that an average consumer pays about 400$ per month to avail housing and communal services. Since Qatar’s per capita income is very high and the price of electricity subsequently low, it becomes easy to consume in excess. Most residents leave their Air conditioning running all day to keep their rooms cool when they return home from outside. To reduce consumption, removing or reducing subsidies could help but it can hit businesses hard.
The government instead introduced a new called Tarshid that states that ” it is impossible to leave electricity on in the house between 7 am and 4:30 pm or prepare to pay the fine. In order to promote the economical consumption of resources” – Advertising campaigns on streets and on digital channels have communicated this new law.
Shortly after passing this new law Kahramaa has reported that achieve a reduction in water and electricity consumption by an average of 15%. However, the annual growth in demand for water and electricity in the amount of 10.4% leaves no other option, how to continue to fight for achieving efficiency in the use of resources “.
According to forecasts, Qatar can face risk of water shortages by 2040 and is seventh in the list of countries in the world with the highest possibility of running dry. The Emirate is currently fulfilling the need to providing water to the society for now through the process of mining by desalination or through receiving it through imports.
The Quality of water provided was never a question, since the per capita earning is high the quality of water also needs to be high, Such high quality water is obtained from the infrastructure built locally by international companies such as Siemens. Tensions of having less water resources, skyrocketed when Qatar’s Arab neighbours severed relations and placed a blockade due to which concerns have risen about provision of water to all residents. Most worried that their current reservoirs wont last more than 48 hours.
This fear was not justified, but Qatari authorities are actively seeking to expand the use of tanks. The only problem was not with the quality of water but the temperature of water, since most of the local pipes are laid at a shallow depth below the ground, the water heats up to more than 50 degrees and has led to burning or scalding hands.
Even cars that are kept outside on the streets of Doha often garner huge amount of heat inside. and by negligence those cars that have their engines running can light up. Majority of the electricity in Qatar is produced by burning gas mostly cause Qatar has the largest LNG Gas reserves in the world. And despite having more than enough to serve for a population of two million people Qatar aims to have a large solar energy plant by 2030 to reach a total volume of 20%